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HIV environment in Estonia

Estonia has the highest incidence of HIV in the European Union.The majority of HIV cases in Estonia have been diagnosed in the capital city Tallinn and North-Eastern Estonia. These regions have the highest prevalence of injected drug use in the country.2

Locally, the IT infrastructure is well developed and a government priority in healthcare is to develop patient-centered e-services.Combining these factors, solutions that incorporate IT expertise to enhance HIV management could greatly improve adherence and linkage to care.

Key Facts

  1. The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency. Ciagov. [Online]. [3 April 2017]. Available from: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/ rankorder/2155rank.htm.
  2. HIV in Estonia Situation, prevention, treatment, and care Narrative report for GARPR 2015 (2015) Available at: http://www.unaids.org/sites/default/files/country/documents/ EST_ narrative_report_2015.pdf (Accessed: 24 February).
  3. NBP. 2017. E-Economy And E-Government In Estonia. [Online]. [3 April 2017]. Available from: https://www.nbp.pl/aktualnosci/wiadomosci_2006/e-estonia.pdf.
  4. Euro.who.int. Mid-term evaluation of the Estonian national HIV/AIDS strategy 2006 – 2015 and national drug prevention strategy 2012. [Online]. [3 April 2017]. Available from: http:// www.euro.who.int/en/countries/estonia/publications/mid-term-evaluation-of-the-estonian-national-hivaids-strategy-2006-2015-and-national-drug-prevention-strategy-2012.
  5. In the Ministry of Social Affairs there is 0,5 FTE responsible for coordinating, designing and implementing HIV policy. There are only 27 infectionists in the whole country, and in some areas a single infectionist can have over 1000 HIV+ patients.