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Estonia

HIV Digital

Key Challenges

Due to limited state funding, people living with HIV (PLHIV) do not necessarily have access to essential support services, such as counselling and testing.Additionally, there is insufficient resource, both human and monetary, from the Ministry of Social Affairs to develop HIV care services, as over 90% of the total HIV budget is spent on medicines.Furthermore, there is limited collaboration between different healthcare organisations.

Key Facts

  1. The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency. Ciagov. [Online]. [3 April 2017]. Available from: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/ rankorder/2155rank.htm.
  2. HIV in Estonia Situation, prevention, treatment, and care Narrative report for GARPR 2015 (2015) Available at: http://www.unaids.org/sites/default/files/country/documents/ EST_ narrative_report_2015.pdf (Accessed: 24 February).
  3. NBP. 2017. E-Economy And E-Government In Estonia. [Online]. [3 April 2017]. Available from: https://www.nbp.pl/aktualnosci/wiadomosci_2006/e-estonia.pdf.
  4. Euro.who.int. Mid-term evaluation of the Estonian national HIV/AIDS strategy 2006 – 2015 and national drug prevention strategy 2012. [Online]. [3 April 2017]. Available from: http:// www.euro.who.int/en/countries/estonia/publications/mid-term-evaluation-of-the-estonian-national-hivaids-strategy-2006-2015-and-national-drug-prevention-strategy-2012.
  5. In the Ministry of Social Affairs there is 0,5 FTE responsible for coordinating, designing and implementing HIV policy. There are only 27 infectionists in the whole country, and in some areas a single infectionist can have over 1000 HIV+ patients.