Over 50 percent of inmates spend a short time in prison and often enter the facility more than once. This means that HIV can be easily transmitted from the prisons to the outside environment, and vice-versa.
Inmates have limited or no knowledge of HIV related risks. High risk practices, like tattoos and piercings, are very common amongst inmates.1 These are often carried out with shared needles and other tools. In most instances, people in prisons practice unprotected sex.1 In addition, prison authorities do not make provisions for safe sex as there is denial of sexual practices taking place within the system.