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Italy

Free to Live Well with HIV in Prison

Key Challenges

Over 50 percent of inmates spend a short time in prison and often enter the facility more than once. This means that HIV can be easily transmitted from the prisons to the outside environment, and vice-versa.

Inmates have limited or no knowledge of HIV related risks. High risk practices, like tattoos and piercings, are very common amongst inmates.1 These are often carried out with shared needles and other tools. In most instances, people in prisons practice unprotected sex.1 In addition, prison authorities do not make provisions for safe sex as there is denial of sexual practices taking place within the system.

Key Facts

  1. HIV in prisons (2017) Available at: http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/communicable-diseases/hivaids/policy/policy-guidance-for-key-populations-most-at-risk2/hiv-in-prisons (Accessed: 24 February 2017).
  2. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Thematic report: Prisoners. Monitoring implementation of the Dublin Declaration on Partnership to Fight HIV/AIDS in Europe and Central Asia: 2012 Progress Report. Stockholm: ECDC; 2013.